Although more than 600,000 people worldwide have died from code 19, no drug has yet been developed that can help doctors treat the disease.
So how far are we from developing Coronavirus treatment medicine right now?
What is being done to find a cure?
More than 150 drugs are being researched worldwide. Most of them are already being used to treat various diseases and are now being tested against the virus.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a ‘solidarity trial’ aimed at identifying reliable treatments.
- The UK claims that its trial is the largest in the world, with more than 5,000 patients still taking part.
- Many research centers around the world are trying to find a cure with the blood of those who have recovered from Corona.
What kind of medicine will work?
Three broad approaches are being worked on in this regard.
- Use of antiviral drugs that directly affect the ability of the coronavirus to spread inside the body
- Medications that can improve the immune system because the patient becomes more ill when his immune system overreacts and thus harms the whole body.
- Antibodies that can attack the virus, whether taken from the blood of a healthy person or made in a laboratory
Coronavirus treatment: Which medicine can work?
The World Health Organization’s Dr. Bruce Elward said after his visit to China that “remediator” is the only drug that has been shown to be somewhat effective against the virus.
This antiviral drug was originally developed to treat Ebola but has been more effective for a few other diseases.
It has also been shown to be effective in treating other deadly coronaviruses in animals, such as MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Sawyer Acute Respiratory Syndrome). That is why there is hope that it can also help against the coronavirus.
A study led by the University of Chicago found that the drug was effective.
It is one of four drugs used by the World Health Organization (WHO) in a solidarity trial, and its manufacturer, Gilead, is also testing it.
Can HIV medicine cure coronavirus?
There is a lot of talks that HIV drugs, lopinavir, and ritonavir, may be effective against the coronavirus, but no concrete evidence has emerged.
There was some evidence that it could work in the laboratory, but research on humans has been disappointing.
This combination of the two drugs did not accelerate the recovery from the coronavirus, did not reduce the death toll, and did not reduce the severity of the virus in COVID 19 patients.
Can malaria medicine stop coronavirus?
Malaria drugs are part of trials by both the World Health Organization and the United Kingdom.
Chloroquine and its related hydroxychloroquine may have antiviral and immune-calming properties.
The drugs appeared to be a possible cure for the coronavirus. President Trump made that claim, but there is no concrete evidence of its effectiveness.
Hydroxychloroquine is also used for joint pain as it can help monitor the immune system.
Laboratory tests have shown that it can affect the coronavirus, and doctors have suggested that it may improve patients.
However, according to the World Health Organization, there is no conclusive evidence that these drugs are effective.
However, it is true that the trial was conducted on very sick people (about a quarter of whom later died). Therefore, it can be said that it was too late to stop the infection through medicine at that time.
What about immune-enhancing drugs?
If the immune system overreacts to the virus, it can cause inflammation throughout the body. This is enough to stimulate the immune system against infection, but overuse can be fatal to the whole body.
The World Health Organization is reviewing the Interferon Beta trial. This medicine is used to reduce inflammation. Interferons are chemicals that the body releases when it is attacked by a virus.
The UK recovery trial is also investigating Dexa Methasone. It is a steroid that reduces inflammation.
Can corona be treated with the blood of healthy people?
People who survive the infection should have antibodies in their blood that can attack the virus.
This is how you take blood plasma (this is the part that contains the antibodies) and insert it into the sick person’s body as a treatment.
How long will the treatment last?
It is too early to say when medicine will come to us to treat the coronavirus.
But we will start getting the results of the trials in the next few months. It will be a long time before we know if a vaccine is effective against it. The vaccine protects against infection, not cures it.
This is also because doctors are testing drugs that have already been developed and are known to be safe to use. Vaccine researchers, on the other hand, are starting from scratch.
Some brand new experimental Coronavirus drugs are also being tested in the laboratory, but they are not yet ready to be tested on humans.
Why do we need corona treatment?
The most obvious reason is to save human lives, but it can also help reduce some lockdown measures.
Effective treatment can also make the coronavirus a mild disease.
If it reduces the number of patients who may need a ventilator, it will also reduce the burden on the intensive care units in hospitals, and people’s lives will no longer need to be controlled so strictly.
How are doctors treating patients?
If someone has got the coronavirus, for most people it will be mild to moderate, which can be treated by resting at home, taking paracetamol, and drinking plenty of water.
But some people need extreme hospital treatment, including oxygen assistance (ventilation).