how to make a smartphone so smart
On January 9, 2007, the most influential businessman of the time, Steve Jobs, announced the launch of a new phone that became the most profitable product in the history of the world.
It was an iPhone. The iPhone can be defined in many ways in modern economics.
In addition to being extremely profitable, only two or three companies in the world are making as much money as Apple is making from the iPhone alone.
The fact is that this one product introduced several innovations: the smartphone. The iPhone and its makers represent a product that did not exist ten years ago but have become a necessity. The iPhone has also reshaped the software, music, and advertising markets.
These are but superficial facts. But when you look closely, an amazing story unfolds. His credit goes to Steve Jobs and other Apple personalities, his early partner Steve Wozniak, his predecessors Tim Cook and Sir Johnny Ivy, but some of the most important characters in the story have been forgotten.
Ask yourself: What makes an iPhone an iPhone? Its great design, its software, or hardware. But there are also elements behind its seemingly visible design that make it possible to create it and all smartphones.
Economist Mariana Mzukito identifies 12 technologies used in smartphones. 1. Small microprocessors, 2. Memory chips, 3. Hard drives, 4. Liquid crystal display and 5. Lithium batteries. This is hardware.
Then there are networks and software. 6. Fast Fourier transform algorithms that convert analog to digital signals.
And the seventh most important thing is the Internet. A smartphone is not smart without the internet.
8. Languages and protocols for using HTTP and HTML, the World Wide Web. 9. Cellular networks 10 GPS or Global Positioning Systems. 11. Touch screen 12 Siri, Artificial Intelligence Program.
All of these technologies are key elements in the manufacture of the iPhone or any smartphone and are really effective. Some of them are not only important but also inevitable.
But when Mariana Mzukito compiled a list of these technologies and re-examined them, some surprising factors emerged.
Steve Jobs did not play a major role in the development of the iPhone. It was Uncle Sam, the US government. There was clear government support for all 12 technologies.
Some of these cases are well known. Many people know that the credit for the World Wide Web goes to Sir Tim Berners-Lee. He was a software engineer at CERN, a research center for particle physics in Geneva, with financial support from European countries.
In addition, the Internet originated with Arpanet, a computer networks program launched in the 1960s in collaboration with the US Department of Defense. GPS was undoubtedly a military technology developed during the Cold War and used by civilians in the 1980s.
Other examples are less well known, although they are less important
Scientific expertise and entrepreneurship in the private sector have played a role in the development of every technology. But it has also been funded by governments and US government agencies and the military in general.
Of course, the US military did not make the iPhone. CERN did not create Facebook or Google. These technologies, on which many people rely and have been introduced by the private sector for commercial purposes, have included government funding.
Steve Jobs was a genius and there is no denying that. Another of his accomplishments was the animated studio Pixar, which changed the face of the film world with the release of animated films such as Toy Story.
Even without the touch screen and the Internet and Fast Fourier Transform, Steve Jobs could have created something amazing. But it would not be a world-shaking technology like the iPhone